• GCSE HISTORY 26
    TITLE: THE USA, A NATION OF CONTRASTS, 1910-1929 ROUTE A: IN-DEPTH STUDY
    This unit focuses in depth on selected themes and issues relating to the history of the USA between 1910-1929. Candidates will be required to consider the
    main problems and challenges facing American society during the period, the major economic problems and the development of American culture and
    society. Candidates should develop an awareness of how aspects of life in the USA in this period have been represented and interpreted and they should
    also investigate any relevant issues using a range of historical sources. The exemplification in italics is meant to give guidance regarding areas to be
    discussed in lessons.
    The main political and social challenges facing America
    Key questions Content exemplification
    Why did immigration become such a major
    issue in American society?
    • The attempts to restrict immigration
    (The Open Door; demands for restriction; government legislation to reduce immigration)
    • Fear of political extremism entering the USA
    (xenophobia, the actions of anarchists: the Red Scare; the Palmer Raids; the Sacco & Vanzetti case)
    Was America a country of religious and
    racial intolerance during this period?
    • Religious fundamentalism
    (the Bible Belt; the ideas of the religious fundamentalists e.g: the Monkey Trial)
    • Attitudes towards Black Americans and racial minorities
    (the treatment of the Native Americans; segregation and Jim Crow, the KKK; black reaction: migration north and west;
    the work of the NAACP and the UNIA)
    Was the 1920s a decade of organised crime
    and corruption?
    • The age of prohibition
    (the reasons for prohibition; life under prohibition; enforcement)
    • The era of the gangsters
    (organised crime: Al Capone; gang warfare & violence: the St. Valentines Day Massacre)
    • Government corruption and scandal
    (e.g: Harding and his 'Ohio Gang'; misappropriation of government funds; the Tea Pot Dome scandal)
    GCSE HISTORY 27
    The rise and fall of the American economy
    Key questions Content exemplification
    What were the causes of the economic
    boom?
    • America's assets and development
    (natural resources; hire purchase and easy credit; spread of electricity; new methods of manufacturing; mass
    production)
    • The attitude and policies of the Republican Presidents
    (Laissez faire policy; rugged individualism, protectionism)
    How did this prosperity affect American
    society?
    • The new consumer society
    (new household gadgets e.g: telephone, refrigerators, hoovers; the era of the skyscraper)
    • The influence of the car industry
    (Ford and the development of the assembly line; the Model T; impact on feeder industries; improvements in infrastructure)
    • Groups and sectors that did not prosper
    (e.g: farmers; black Americans; immigrants; older industries; the trade unions)
    Why did this prosperity come to a sudden
    end in 1929?
    • Longer term reasons for the end of prosperity
    (e.g: overproduction; falling demand for consumer goods; boom in land and property values)
    • Short term reasons for the end of prosperity
    (e.g: over speculation in shares; availability of easy credit)
    • The Wall Street Crash and its immediate effects
    (loss of confidence; panic selling; Black Thursday; crash of the markets)
    Changes in American culture and society
    Key questions Content exemplification
    How did popular entertainment develop
    during this period?
    • The era of the silent movie
    (reasons for the popularity of the cinema; the influence of movie stars; the coming of the talkies)
    • The development of popular music and culture
    (Jazz music: its development and impact; the impact of the radio and gramophone; dancing and the speakeasy
    culture)
    How did the lifestyle and status of women
    change during this period?
    • Changing attitudes to women
    (impact of the First World War; changing attitudes to social etiquette; influence of Jazz culture)
    • The flapper lifestyle
    (moves toward feminism; new fashions; flapper icons and role models; opposition to the flapper lifestyle)
    Why did sport and other leisure activities
    witness so much growth during this period?
    • The increasing popularity of sport
    (reasons for the increasing popularity of sport; sporting heroes and their significance: e.g. Babe Ruth; Jack Dempsey,
    Gene Tunney)
    • Fads, crazes and the passion for the unusual
    (e.g: crossword puzzles; dance marathons; flagpole sitting; Lindbergh and the 'Spirit of St Louis')
    GCSE HISTORY 28
    TITLE: GERMANY IN TRANSITION, c.1929-1947 ROUTE A: IN-DEPTH STUDY
    This unit focuses in depth on selected themes and issues relating to the history of Germany from 1929-1947. Candidates will be required to consider the
    factors which led to the rise of the Nazi regime, the impact of change on the lives of the German people and the significance of war for Germany. Candidates
    should develop an awareness of how aspects of life in Germany in this period have been represented and interpreted and they should also investigate any
    relevant issues using a range of historical sources. The exemplification in italics is meant to give guidance regarding areas to be discussed in lessons. This
    unit cannot be studied alongside the outline unit 3 on Germany, 1919-1991.
    The rise of the Nazi Party and its consolidation of power, c.1929-1934
    Key questions Content exemplification
    What was the impact of the Weimar period
    on the rise of the Nazis?
    • The political and economic problems of Weimar
    (weaknesses of Weimar government; the impact of the Treaty of Versailles)
    • The early development of the Nazi Party
    (the consequences of the Munich Putsch; Hitler and 'Mein Kampf'; impact of Wall St Crash on Nazi support)
    How and why did Hitler get appointed
    Chancellor in January 1933?
    • Political scheming, 1929-1932
    (the end of Parliamentary democracy; coalitions of Von Bruning, Von Papen & Von Schleicher)
    • The reasons for Nazi electoral success
    (such as: the impact of Depression; Hitler's appeal and promises; fear of Communism; role of SA; use of propaganda)
    How did the Nazis consolidate their power
    during 1933-1934?
    • Hitler as Chancellor
    (the significance of the Reichstag fire; the March election; the Enabling Law; suppression of civil liberties)
    • The move to dictatorship
    (the events and consequences of the Night of the Long Knives; Hitler becomes Fuhrer)
    GCSE HISTORY 29
    Changing life for the German people, 1933-1939
    Key questions Content exemplification
    How did Nazi economic and social policy
    affect life in Germany?
    • Tackling economic problems
    (measures to reduce unemployment; trade unions and the DAF; the Strength through Joy Movement [KdF])
    • The treatment of women and young people
    (the Three Ks; women and work; controlling education; the Hitler Youth Movement)
    How did Nazi political policy affect life in
    Germany?
    • Extending political control
    (the use of the SS and the Gestapo; control of the legal system; control over central and regional government)
    • The use of propaganda and censorship
    (Goebbels and propaganda; the use of rallies, radio and cinema; censorship of newspapers and the arts)
    How did Nazi racial and religious policy
    affect life in Germany?
    • Nazi racial policy
    (the Master Race and ideas of Aryan superiority; the increasing persecution of the Jews between 1933 -1939)
    • The treatment of religion
    (Nazi views on religion; relations with the Catholic and Protestant churches; the National Reich Church)
    War and its impact on life in Germany, 1939-1947
    Key questions Content exemplification
    How was life affected during the war years?
    • Life during the early years, 1939-1941
    (initial impact; changing role of women; use of propaganda on the home front)
    • Life during the latter years, 1942-1945
    (organisation for Total War; shortages & the black market; effects of Allied bombing; People's Home Guard)
    • The treatment of Jews during the war years
    (development of ghettos; special action squads; the reasons for and implementation of the Final Solution)
    How much opposition was there to the Nazis
    within Germany during the war years?
    • Opposition from civilians
    (young people e.g: the Edelweiss Pirates; the Swing Youth; the White Rose group; religious groups e.g: actions of
    Niemoller, von Galen, Bonhoeffer)
    • Opposition from the military
    (causes and effects of the July Bomb Plot)
    What was the situation in Germany
    following total defeat in the war?
    • The defeat of Germany
    (Allied invasion of Germany; the fall of Berlin and the death of Hitler; the division of Germany)
    • The punishment of Germany
    (arrest and trial of Nazi leaders for war crimes; the Nuremberg trials; denazification)
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